All of us have studied that plants and vegetation need sunlight for a process that we call photosynthesis. Plants and vegetation are what we call autotrophs, meaning they’re self-feeding or self-nourishing. They basically create their own food or energy to grow. Plants and vegetation using photosynthesis take in carbon dioxide from the air, bring up water from the roots, and use sunlight as the energetic source to create sugar from water and carbon dioxide. We have also studied that plants contain a molecule called chlorophyll, and the chlorophyll is what absorbs the sunlight. The chlorophyll absorbs red and blue light, and they reflect green light. That’s why if you look at plants, they appear green to our eyes. That chlorophyll absorbs the sunlight and excites electrons, and the electron is what is used to create the sugars or food for the plant.
However, if we read the creation order in the book of Genesis 1:1-19, it is other way round. God created plants and vegetation before the creation of Sun. The plants and vegetation were created on the third day [Genesis 1:11-13], whereas the sun, moon and stars were created on the fourth day [Genesis 1:14-19]. How did then plants and vegetation survived without sunlight? What is the actual energetic source that helped plants and vegetation for creating or producing food? Let us try to find the answers of these questions. We will take the reference of the Bible, which is known as the library of at least 66 books [i.e. 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament], written by at least 40 authors inspired by God and the Holy Spirit being the divine editor of this Book.
2.0 CREATION OF LIGHT THAT HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
Light was created on the first day [Genesis 1:3-5], that was created before the sun, moon or stars which were created on the fourth day [Genesis 1:14-19]. Then what is the source of energy of sun, moon or stars? They are part of creation, and are created by the creator so they cannot have their own energy. Creator must have made some arrangements to have the energy sources for the sun, moon and stars as well.To know more about creation of Light read “God said, ‘Let there be light’; and there was light!.
3.0 CREATION OF DRY GROUND AND PLANTS
On third day God separates the “waters below” from dry land. The “waters above” are still left in place somewhere above the firmament.
“Then God said, ‘Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear’; and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good” (Genesis 1:9-10).
On the same day, God commands the land to produce vegetation including both seed-bearing trees and plants (though the sun is not yet created for photosynthesis). Another evening and another morning passes.
“Then God said, ‘Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself, on the earth’; and it was so. And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. So the evening and the morning were the third day” (Genesis 1:11-13).To know more about creation order, please read “Creation”
4.0 LIGHT AND SOURCE OF LIGHT
The book of Revelation lets us in on another dimension of light that has nothing to do with the sun, moon or stars:
“And the city has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb. The nations will walk in its light, and the kings of the world will enter the city in all their glory. Its gates will never be closed at the end of day because there is no night there. – Revelation 21:23-25
Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb through the middle of the street of the city; also, on either side of the river, the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. – Revelation 22: 1-2; Ezekiel 47:12
God has created all lights, but remains the source of the eternal light that never goes out.
Though different lights he has made with varying degrees of illumination and radiant intensity, he has made them to only last for a while.
They are all made and sustained by the power of his word. The power of God is immeasurable and unquantifiable. When he says that light should shine; he creates it regardless of the physics involved.
We must also note that the Bible says there will be light without the sun in the future New Jerusalem.
“And there shall be no night there: They shall need no lamp nor light of the sun, for the Lord God gives them light. And they shall reign for ever and ever.”- Revelation 22:5
“The sun shall no longer be your light by day, nor for brightness the moon shall give light to you; but the Lord will be your everlasting light.”- Isaiah 60:19
Plants and vegetation to thrive, they need soil, light, and heat. On day one, God created light. Before creating plants and vegetation on day three, God separated water and soil. The Bible specificity states there was water (not ice), so there was a heat source.
There are many who say plants and vegetation can’t grow without the light of the sun but the book of Revelation tells us in the new Heaven and on the new Earth (which will replace this that we now know) there is no need of the sun or moon because God and Yeshua [Jesus] will be the light. This was the exact situation for a time in the first creation.
John 1:1–9 says, In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him and without him was not anything made that was made … and the light shineth in darkness and darkness comprehended it not …
In 2 Thessalonians 2:8 we read….and then shall that Wicked one be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth and shall destroy with the **brightness** of his coming. There are other scriptures such as Psalms 44:3; Ezekiel 10:4; Habakkuk 3:4 and others that refer to the essence of God’s brightness.
In John 8:12 Yeshua [Jesus] spoke to them again: “I am the light of the world; whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light which gives life.” Jesus is the LIGHT not just a source of light. Then shall the trees of the forest sing for joy before the Lord, for he comes to judge the earth. [1 Chronicles 16:33]